Testing and Evaluation International Dyslexia Association
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The process of diagnosing dyslexia can often feel like this huge mysterious task! It is truly a multiple-step challenge for parents, educators, medical professionals, and other professionals working with struggling students. Thus, it is possible that a student may have a SLD as identified through this operational definition but would not require specialized instruction due to adequate performance in the classroom. In such an instance, the child would not meet criteria for special education services. Spelling tests can provide information about a student’s understanding of and ability to apply phonics to the spelling of words and of a student’s orthographic and morphological awareness . Dyslexia is a reading disorder in which the core problem involves decoding and spelling printed words that is not due to low intelligence or inadequate instruction (Hudson, High, & Al Otaiba, 2007).
These weaknesses often result in difficulty with comprehending written material. Greater understanding of the law and of specific assessments that can be used for the identification of dyslexia can help school personnel understand the connection between the criteria for SLD eligibility under IDEA and dyslexia. The parent or guardian of a child with dyslexia must advocate for the best possible educational opportunities for that child. Effective advocacy requires understanding the diagnostic report and knowing the child’s rights under the law. Information on related topics, such as teaching methodologies, accommodations, and instructional modifications are available in other IDA fact sheets. Authored by Susan du Plessis (B.A. 讀寫障礙評估 ; B.D.), an educational specialist with 30+ years’ experience in the field of learning disabilities, and Dylan Arslanian (B.A. Hons Linguistics, Cambridge DELTA).
Characteristics of Dyslexia
Step 4 suggests the consideration of assessing cognitive processes. Reading comprehension tests that use a multiple-choice format require the student to answer questions based on a passage the student just read. It is important to note that students may perform differently depending on the mode of administration, type of text, and format of the test. Of course, a student’s response to traditional spelling tests will also provide information about phonics knowledge. Words that are spelled incorrectly but phonetically suggest that the student is developing mastery of phonics but has not yet created accessible orthographic representations (i.e., visual images).
Figure 2: Dyslexia Assessment Worksheet
This will lead to appropriate and needed recommendations for remediation and accommodation. After performing a battery of tests, the assessor will check the outcomes of these tests. The practitioner considers the results of all the above tests to identify a child’s explicit difficulty with reading.
You should also not be intimidated by the use of jargon or dense vocabulary; most of the concepts can be expressed in a straightforward manner. Test and want to make sure our approach is the right fit for you or your child, book a one-on-one assessment with Barbara Hoi here. Generally speaking, there will be a receptionist or office manager of some type. Then, there are people who process insurance claims, patient billing, and bookkeeping.
Students who have a specific learning disability in reading need a specialized approach to reading instruction to make progress. It is crucial that this specialized instruction begin at the student’s current level of reading skill development, rather than at the student’s grade level. An effective evaluation helps parents and teachers see which specific skills are weak and where reading and spelling instruction should begin.